厄洛斯

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厄洛斯
Eros
愛與情慾之神
Eros Farnese MAN Napoli 6353.jpg
龐貝古城的大理石厄洛斯雕像,被認為是出至普拉克西特列斯之作品[1]
住處 奥林匹斯山
象徵 弓、箭、蠟燭、心、翅膀和親吻
坐騎 灵魂女神賽姬
個人信息
配偶 丘比特与普塞克
子嗣 歡愉女神赫多奈英语Hedone(希臘名) / 沃路普塔斯英语Voluptas(羅馬名)
父母 阿佛洛狄忒阿瑞斯
親屬 哈耳摩尼亞福波斯得摩斯阿德雷西亞英语Adrestia安忒洛斯
羅馬
同位體
邱比特

希腊神话厄洛斯Eros/ˈɪərɒs/美國 /ˈɛrɒs//ˈɛrs/;[2]希腊语Ἔρως,慾望的意思)[3]希臘神話中的愛與情慾之神。他的罗马同位體是比較多人熟悉的愛神邱比特[4]。一些故事裡面認為他是希腊原始神之一,另一些故事裡他是阿佛洛狄忒的兒子,是一群帶有翅膀的神厄洛特斯們之一。

崇拜與信仰[编辑]

厄洛斯在古希臘的來源有以下幾個不同的假設,最早的來源希臘羅馬密教文獻紀載,厄洛斯是形成宇宙的原始神之一,但之後的來源說明了厄洛斯是阿佛洛狄忒的兒子,是一个手拿弓箭的调皮的胖乎乎小男孩,他的金箭射入人心会产生爱情,他的銀箭射入人心会产生憎恶。這個姿態是文藝復興時期丘比特的前身,而更早期的厄洛斯被描述為一個具有性權威的成年男性,也是一位藝術家。[5][6]


原始神[编辑]

根據所有希臘文獻中最古老的來源:赫西俄德神谱中描述厄洛斯是在卡俄斯盖亚塔耳塔罗斯之後第四個出現的神。[7]

荷马則沒有提到厄洛斯,而一位前苏格拉底哲学家巴门尼德則將厄洛斯納入原始神[8]

俄耳甫斯教厄琉息斯秘仪將厄洛斯作為一個非常早期的神,但不是最早的因為他是夜之女神倪克斯的後代。[5] 阿里斯托芬俄耳甫斯教描述厄洛斯的誕生:

原文:At the beginning there was only Chaos, Night (Nyx), Darkness (Erebus), and the Abyss (Tartarus). Earth, the Air and Heaven had no existence. Firstly, blackwinged Night laid a germless egg in the bosom of the infinite deeps of Darkness, and from this, after the revolution of long ages, sprang the graceful Love (Eros) with his glittering golden wings, swift as the whirlwinds of the tempest. He mated in the deep Abyss with dark Chaos, winged like himself, and thus hatched forth our race, which was the first to see the light

譯文:世界最初只有渾沌卡俄斯,......


At ce. Firstly, blackwinged Night laid a germless egg in the bosom of the infinite deeps of Darkness, and from this, after the revolution of long ages, sprang the graceful Love (Eros) with his glittering golden wings, swift as the whirlwinds of the tempest. He mated in the deep Abyss with dark Chaos, winged like himself, and thus hatched forth our race, which was the first to sethe beginning there was only Chaos (cosmogony)英语Chaos (cosmogony), Night (倪克斯), Darkness (厄瑞玻斯), and the Abyss (塔耳塔罗斯). Earth, the Air and Heaven had no existene the light.[9]


藝術上的厄洛斯[编辑]

参见[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

註釋
  1. ^ A. Corso, Concerning the catalogue of Praxiteles’ exhibition held in the Louvre. Conference paper presented at ИНДОЕВРОПЕЙСКОЕ ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЕ И КЛАССИЧЕСКАЯ ФИЛОЛОГИЯ – 11 June 2007; p. 159
  2. ^ Oxford Learner's Dictionaries: "Eros"
  3. ^ From ἔραμαι "to desire, love", of uncertain etymology; Robert S. P. Beekes英语Robert S. P. Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek英语Pre-Greek origin (Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, p. 449).
  4. ^ Larousse Desk Reference Encyclopedia, The Book People英语The Book People, Haydock, 1995, p. 215.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 See the article Eros at the Theoi Project.
  6. ^ "Eros", in S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth, eds., The Oxford Classical Dictionary.
  7. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 116–122 in The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White, Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914.
  8. ^ "First of all the gods she devised Erōs." (Parmenides, fragment 13.) (The identity of the "she" is unclear, as Parmenides' work has survived only in fragments.
  9. ^ Aristophanes, Birds, lines 690–699. (Translation by Eugene O'Neill, Jr., Perseus Digital Library; translation modified.)
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外部链接[编辑]

相關條目[编辑]

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