次開央元音

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次开央元音
图像
Xsampa-6.png
国际音标编号 324
编码
X-SAMPA音标 6
ASCII音标 &"

次開央元音母音的一種,用於一些口說語言當中,國際音標ɐ代表此音,而X-SAMPA音標則以6代表此音。國際音標中的此符號為一個倒轉的印刷體a。

特徵[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Barbosa, Plínio A.; Albano, Eleonora C., Brazilian Portuguese, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 2004, 34 (2): 227–232, doi:10.1017/S0025100304001756 
  • Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena, European Portuguese, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 1995, 25 (2): 90–94, doi:10.1017/S0025100300005223 
  • Kortmann, Bernd; Schneider, Edgar W, Upton, Clive, 编, A handbook of varieties of English, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2004) 
  • Ladefoged, Peter, American English, Handbook of the International Phonetic Association, Cambridge University Press: 41–44, 1999 
  • Lee, Hyun Bok, Korean, Handbook of the International Phonetic Association, Cambridge University Press: 120–122, 1999, ISBN 0-521-63751-1 
  • Padgett, Jaye; Tabain, Marija, Adaptive Dispersion Theory and Phonological Vowel Reduction in Russian (PDF), Phonetica, 2005, 62 (1): 14–54, doi:10.1159/000087223, PMID 16116302 
  • Roca, Iggy; Johnson, Wyn, A Course in Phonology, Blackwell Publishing, 1999 
  • Thelwall, Robin, Illustrations of the IPA: Arabic, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 1990, 20 (2): 37–41, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004266