Template:IPA-ru

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應用[编辑]

維基百科提供了多個各模板,令條目中使用國際音標IPA)準確标音時更方便。

國際音標字型[编辑]

一般來說,當條目內容出現使用國際音標符號的地方,都應該用{{IPA}}包圍,使瀏覽器能夠轉用一些支援國際音標的字型來顯示。 若內文有相當部分包含國際音標,一般我們都會在條目頂部用{{IPA notice|lang=en}}來貼出提示,並且在內文所有需要用到國際音標的地方加上{{IPA}}來標註。

If there are not enough occurrences to warrant a notice, then consider a template that links to an IPA key for the first instance of the IPA on a page or section.

English words[编辑]

For English words, in a broad, non-regional transcription, as when giving the pronunciation of a key word in an article, use templates linking to Help:IPA for English, a chart of the subset of the IPA that is relevant to English:

  • {{IPA-en}}, appearing as: 英語發音:/word/ (also /word/, 英語:/word/, 發音:/word/, as hereafter).
  • {{IPAc-en}}, which automates the conversion to IPA, so that {{IPAc-en|'|w|3r|d}} appears as 英语发音:/ˈwɜrd/. This provides mouse-over links to the symbols, and is now the preferred template.

Foreign words[编辑]

For foreign words that are not assimilated into English, regional pronunciations of English words, and non-standard English dialects, use templates linking to the more general Help:IPA chart, containing all major IPA symbols:

    • {{IPA-all}}, appearing as: 國際發音:[word]. Or:
    • For specific languages, there may be dedicated IPA keys for standardized transcription. There are several options for their display. The first cell includes the ISO code of the language; the second is the transcription; the third keys an introductory phrase; and the fourth is space for a sound file. Using the French word eau [o] as an example, we have the default format:
  • {{IPA-fr|o}}法语发音:[o]
Or the word "pronounced" can be used as the introduction:
  • {{IPA-fr|o|pron}}发音:[o]
Language name only:
  • {{IPA-fr|o|lang}}法语:[o]
"IPA" only:
  • {{IPA-fr|o|IPA}}國際音標發音:[o]
Link only:
  • {{IPA-fr|o|}}[o]
Any of these may be combined with a sound file:
  • {{IPA-fr|o|lang|Fr-eau.ogg}}法语:[o] 聆聽
For the default introductory phrase, however, a placeholder such as “-” is required:
  • {{IPA-fr|o|-|Fr-eau.ogg}}法语发音:[o] 聆聽

支援語言[编辑]

本系列模板支援以下語言:

IPA-all for not-supported languages[编辑]

Redirects have been created for languages which do not yet have dedicated templates. Transcriptions which use these redirects will link to {{IPA-all}} for the time being; when a language-specific template is created the articles will be linked correctly. For example, you can use {{IPA-jv|word}} for Javanese, but for the moment it will be redirected to {{IPA-all}}, producing Template:IPA-jv.

Conversion to IPA[编辑]

Another type of language-specific template allows you to enter ordinary letters (or conventional ASCII equivalents) from a given language for automatic conversion to phonetic symbols. Those currently available are {{IPAc-ar}} for Arabic, {{IPAc-cmn}} for Mandarin, {{IPAc-en}} for English, {{IPAc-fr}} for French, {{IPAc-ga}} for Irish, {{IPAc-hu}} for Hungarian, {{IPAc-pl}} for Polish and {{IPAc-ja}} for Japanese. For example:

參看[编辑]