零聲母

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零聲母(zero consonant、silent initial、null-onset letter)是一個汉语語音學的名詞,常用符号“Ø”表示。汉语由于一般为一个字代表一个音节,其中「前置辅音」称为声母,而元音和「后置辅音」(韻尾)一起称为韵母。每个都是由声母和韵母组成,但当一个字只有元音或元音和「后置辅音」,而没有「前置辅音」时,即认为这个字的声母为零声母,例如:啊、喔、骯……等字。但實際上,很多漢語分支以韻母為起始音時,其實包含了一個前置輔音聲門塞音,在古代韻書中稱為影聲母,亦即「影」這個字的聲母,所以實際上是有一個聲母,只是並不將它寫出。而在華語中,以介音開頭的字,實際上介音會弱化為輔音,作為聲母,例如華語的「雅」,[i]弱化為[j]來做聲母;「挖」的[u]弱化為[w]做聲母;「迂」的[y]弱化為[ɥ]做聲母。但在注音上,並沒有做轉換,仍然省去聲母,而在漢語拼音中,則會將/i/改寫為/y/,/u/改寫為/w/來表示。

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