拉丁禮教會

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拉丁禮教會英语:Latin Church)或稱西方教會,是天主教會內最大的個別教會。它不是在個別教會中的地方個別教會層面內,即教區或東方禮教區。而是在自治個別教會層面內。另外有22個東方禮自治教會組成東儀天主教會

歷史[编辑]

拉丁禮教會最初發展是在羅馬帝國行省阿非利加(即現今的突尼西亞北部及利比亞西部)。[1]在這之後,教會漸漸傅到羅馬帝國中的西羅馬帝國

西羅馬帝國起,從古典時代至到文藝復興時期,拉丁禮教會使用的教會語言:拉丁語是成為了教育和文化的主要語言。在該領發展的各種拉丁禮拜儀式。

術語[编辑]

教會及禮儀[编辑]

在1990年定立的《東儀天主教會法典》中,“教會”和“禮儀”有以下意思:

教會:A group of Christian faithful united by a hierarchy according to the norm of law which the supreme authority of the Church expressly or tacitly recognizes as sui iuris is called in this Code a Church sui iuris.[2]
禮儀:A rite is the liturgical, theological, spiritual and disciplinary patrimony, culture and circumstances of history of a distinct people, by which its own manner of living the faith is manifested in each Church sui iuris.[3]

拉丁禮天主教和羅馬天主教[编辑]

有時,罗马教廷也使用術語“羅馬天主教”來指整個天主教會是在與羅馬主教及的共融之中[4][5]。但是,教廷從來沒有使用“羅馬天主教”這術語,來專指拉丁禮教會。教廷相當普遍使用的術語“羅馬”是指羅馬教區

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Isidore of Seville (p. 17)
  2. ^ CCEO, canon 27
  3. ^ CCEO, canon 28 §1
  4. ^ "The terms 'Roman Church' and 'Roman Catholic Church' date from at least the early Middle Ages, but the stress on these terms became prominent after the Protestant Reformation. The reason was to emphasize the distinctive quality of being not only a Christian, because baptized, but of being a Catholic, because in communion with the Pope " ([http://www.catholicreference.net/index.cfm?id=36128 John Hardon, Modern Catholic Dictionary).
  5. ^ Pope Pius XII taught in Humani Generis that "the Mystical Body of Christ and the Roman Catholic Church are one and the same thing" (Encyclical Humani Generis, 27).] Pope Benedict XVI called the Church "the Roman Catholic Church" at a meeting in Warsaw on 25 May 2006 and in joint declarations that he signed with the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, on 23 November 2006 and with Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople on 30 November 2006.

外部連結[编辑]

参见[编辑]