各国自杀率列表

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2004世界各国自杀率(每年每10万人中自杀人数)示意图。[1]
  无数据
  少于3
  3–6
  6–9
  9–12
  12–15
  15–18
  18–21
  21–24
  24–27
  27–30
  30–33
  多于33
匈牙利自杀率(1950-2010), 1984年: 每100,000人46.1个自杀者, 这是人类历史的最高纪录. 东欧剧变以后 (1980年代中期开始) 自杀率迅速降低.

各国自杀率列表,数据来自世界卫生组织,国家排名为最近有记录的一年的总体死亡率,最近的更新在2011年。

数据[编辑]

每年每10万人中的自杀人数[2]






排名 国家或地区 男性 女性 总体 采集年份
1  格陵兰[3][4] (更多) 116.9 45.0 83.0 2011[5]
2  立陶宛[6] (更多) 54.7 10.8 31.0 2012
3  韩国[7] (更多) 38.2 18.0 28.1 2012
4  圭亚那 (更多) 39.0 13.4 26.4 2006
5  哈萨克斯坦 (更多) 43.0 9.4 25.6 2008
6  斯洛維尼亞[8] 34.6 9.4 21.8 2011
7  匈牙利[9] 37.4 8.5 21.7 2009
8  日本 (更多)[10] 21.7 2012
9  斯里蘭卡 (更多) 34.8 9.24 21.3 2011[11]
10  拉脫維亞 20.8 2010[12]
11  白俄罗斯[13][14] 20.5 2012
12  烏克蘭[15] (更多) 19.8 2012
13  克羅埃西亞[16] 30.2 10.0 19.7 2002
14  俄羅斯[17] (更多) 19.6 2013
15  摩尔多瓦 17.6 2008
16  波蘭 17.5 2013
17  塞爾維亞 24.9 9.0 17.3 2011[18]
18  比利时[note 1][9][note 2] 17 2009[19]
19  乌拉圭[20] 16.5 2012
20  不丹[21](更多) 16.2 2011
21  芬兰[22] 24.6 7.9 16.0 2012
22  南非[23] 15.4 2005
23  奥地利 23.8 7.1 15.45 2009
24  臺灣[24] 20.5 9.7 15.1 2011
25  爱沙尼亚 27.3 4.5 14.8 2010[12]
26  法国 (更多) 22.8 7.4 14.7 2010[12]
27  苏里南 23.9 4.8 14.4 2005
28  波赫[25] 13.3 2011
29  捷克 12.8 2010
30  古巴 19.0 5.5 12.3 2008
31  保加利亚 18.8 6.2 12.3 2008
32  香港[26] 10.6 13.8 12.2 2011
33  美國[27] (更多) 19.2 5.5 12.0 2009
34  羅馬尼亞 20.8 3.7 11.9 2009
35  挪威 14.0 5.0 11.9 2012
36  英國 (更多) 18.2 5.1 11.8 2011[28]
37  紐西蘭[29] 17.0 6.4 11.5 2010
38  葡萄牙[9] 11.5 2011[30]
39  加拿大 (更多) 17.9 5.3 11.5 2009[31]
40  丹麥 16.6 6.2 11.3 2010[32]
41  冰島[33] 18.3 4.6 11.3 2009
42  智利 18.2 4.2 11.2 2007
43  瑞典 16.4 5.9 11.1 2010
44  瑞士 16.5 6.2 11.1 2009
45  千里達及托巴哥 17.9 3.8 10.7 2006
46  印度 (更多) 13.0 7.8 10.5 2009
47  愛爾蘭 17.4 3.4 10.3 2013[34]
48  新加坡 13.3 7.3 10.3 2012[35]
49  澳大利亚[36] 15.3 4.8 10.0 2011
50  斯洛伐克[9] 17.4 2.8 9.9 2011
51  德國[9] 15.6 4.7 9.9 2010
52  吉尔吉斯斯坦 14.1 3.6 8.8 2009
53  荷蘭 [9] 12.0 5.0 8.8 2010
54  土库曼斯坦 13.8 3.5 8.6 1998
55  馬其頓共和國[9] 12.6 3.9 8.0 2009
56  薩爾瓦多 12.9 3.6 8.0 2008
57  辛巴威 10.6 5.2 7.9 1990
58  卢森堡[9] 13.2 2.9 7.8 2008
59  阿根廷 12.6 3.0 7.7 2008
60  西班牙 11.8 3.4 7.6 2012[37]
61  波多黎各 13.2 2.0 7.4 2005
62  厄瓜多尔 10.5 3.6 7.1 2009
63  中国 [38] (更多) 3 6.9 2012
64  模里西斯 11.8 1.9 6.8 2008
65  義大利 10.0 2.8 6.3 2007
66  哥斯达黎加 10.2 1.9 6.1 2009
66  泰國 9.5 2.7 6.1 2011[39]
67  以色列[40] 9.9 2.1 5.8 2007
68  尼加拉瓜 9.0 2.6 5.8 2006
69  巴拿马 9.0 1.9 5.5 2008
70  哥伦比亚 7.9 2.0 4.9 2007
71  巴西 7.7 2.0 4.8 2008
72  伊朗[41][42] 3.9 2.1 4.8 2013
73  乌兹别克斯坦 7.0 2.3 4.7 2005
74  柬埔寨 4.6 2008
75  格鲁吉亚 7.1 1.7 4.3 2009
76  阿尔巴尼亚[43] 4.7 3.3 4.0 2003
77  墨西哥 6.8 1.3 4.0 2008
78  宏都拉斯[44] 3.84 2011
79  巴林 4.0 3.5 3.8 2006
80  伯利兹 6.6 0.7 3.7 2008
81  聖文森及格瑞那丁 5.4 1.9 3.7 2008
82  土耳其[45] 3.62 2011
83  巴拉圭 5.1 2.0 3.6 2008
84  塞浦路斯[9] 5.9 1.3 3.6 2009
85  危地马拉 5.6 1.7 3.6 2008
86  巴巴多斯 7.3 0.0 3.5 2006
87  希臘 6.1 1.0 3.5 2009
88  馬爾他 5.9 1.0 3.4 2008
89  委內瑞拉 5.3 1.2 3.2 2007
90  菲律賓 4.5 1 2.75 2005[46]
91  塔吉克斯坦 2.9 2.3 2.6 2001
92  圣卢西亚 4.9 0.0 2.4 2005
93  多米尼加 3.9 0.7 2.3 2005
94  亚美尼亚 2.8 1.1 1.9 2008
95  科威特 1.9 1.7 1.8 2009
96  巴哈马 1.9 0.6 1.2 2005
97  约旦 0.0 0.0 1.1 2009
98  巴基斯坦 [47] 1.45 0.71 1.10 2012
99  秘魯 1.1 0.6 0.9 2000
100  聖多美和普林西比 0.0 1.8 0.9 1987
101  阿塞拜疆 1.0 0.3 0.6 2007
102  馬爾地夫 0.7 0.0 0.3 2005
103  牙买加 0.3 0.0 0.1 1990
104  叙利亚 0.2 0.0 0.1 1985
105  埃及 0.1 0.0 0.1 2009
106  格瑞那達 0.0 0.0 0.0 2008
107  圣基茨和尼维斯 0.0 0.0 0.0 1995
108  安地卡及巴布達 0.0 0.0 0.0 1995
109  海地 0.0 0.0 0 2003
110  尼泊尔 0.0 0.0 0 2003

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ Recently released figures by official Belgian authorities suggest a considerably higher rate of 17.0 persons (total) per 100,000 people per annum in 2009 (5,712 cases in a population of 10,749,000 (=10,666,866 as of 1 January 2008 increasing by 0,77% per annum.) as of 1 January 2009).Toenemend aantal zelfdodingen in Belgie. 2011. 
  2. ^ The number of death in Belgium in 2008 due to suicide "zichzelf schade toebrengen" was reported at 2000 out of a total of 103.760 death. These death comprise 1453 men and 547 women. This puts the suicide rate at about 19 per 100.000. See statbel: http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/binaries/NL%20-%20Tableau%201%2E3_T_2008_tcm325-168456.pdf

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Mortality and Burden of Disease Estimates for WHO Member States in 2002 (xls). World Health Organization. 2002 [2009-12-13]. 
  2. ^ Unless otherwise stated all statistics are from WHO: Country reports and charts available. WHO website - Mental health. World Health Organization. 2009 [2010-06-01]. 
  3. ^ The Suicide Capital of the World. [13 March 2013]. 
  4. ^ Rising suicide rate baffles Greenland. [13 March 2013]. 
  5. ^ Statistics Greenland. 
  6. ^ Savižudybių statistika;. Valstybinis psichikos sveikatos centras. [2013-09-09]. 
  7. ^ Causes of Death Statistics in 2012 (PDF). Statistics Korea. 2012 [2013-09-25]. 
  8. ^ Unless otherwise stated all statistics are from WHO: Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table). Statistični urad Republike Slovenije. 2011 [2012-01-26]. 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 Death Due To Suicide. Eurostat. European Commission. 2009 [2010-01-10]. 
  10. ^ Nikkei; LEAD: No. Of Suicides Falls Below 30,000 For 1st Time In 15 Years. Nikkei. 2013-01-17 [2013-01-17]. 
  11. ^ Sri Lanka Journal of Psychiatry Vol 3(2) December 2012. 
  12. ^ 12.0 12.1 12.2 http://www.stat.ee/57205
  13. ^ National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus (for 2012);. Belstat. [2012-12-03]. 
  14. ^ The Demographic situation;. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2012 [2013-12-03]. 
  15. ^ Хаустова О. О. Самогубства та побутова смертність в Україні: підсумки 2012 року // Український вісник психоневрології. — 2013. — В. 4 (77). — Т. 21. — С. 12-18.
  16. ^ Hrvatski zavod za zdravstvo. MENTALNE BOLESTI I POREME ĆAJI U REPUBLICI HRVATSKOJ. Statistika HZZJ. Zagreb. [4 December 2012]. 
  17. ^ Rosstat. Rosstat. 2014-01-30 [2014-02-01]. 
  18. ^ Report of Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. [2013-05-27]. 
  19. ^ Eurostat
  20. ^ Grave preocupación por tasa en alza de 16,5 suicidios cada 100.000 habitantes. [2014-07-09]. 
  21. ^ World Suicide Death Rate Rankings (WHO) (PDF). 2011-12-16. 
  22. ^ Causes of death 2012, Statistics Finland. 2013-12-30. 
  23. ^ This data is for urban areas only. Burrows, Stephanie; Lucie Laflamme. Suicide Mortality in South Africa. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. February 2006.  http://www.springerlink.com/content/px7v1186u51k738w The data available for the whole of South Africa in 2007 are: men 1.4, women 0.4, total 0.9 (source: WHO)
  24. ^ Causes of death, Department of Health, Taiwan (XLS). [2013-05-20]. 
  25. ^ SRNA. BiH: Prošle godine ubilo se 507 lica, od čega 16 maloletnika. SRNA. 2012-04-16 [4 December 2012]. 
  26. ^ Statistics. Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention. 2013.
  27. ^ QuickStats: Suicide and Homicide Rates,* by Age Group — United States, 2009. July 20, 2012 [2014-07-09] (英文). 
  28. ^ UK suicide rate rises 'significantly' in 2011. BBC News. 22 January 2013. 
  29. ^ Suicide Facts: Deaths and intentional self-harm hospitalisations 2010 (PDF). [2013-06-06]. 
  30. ^ Crise aumenta número de suicídios em Portugal. [2013-02-10] (Portuguese). 
  31. ^ Suicides and suicide rate, by sex and by age group, Canada. 
  32. ^ Center for Selvmordsforskning, statistikbank. 
  33. ^ 36 died from own hand. Hagstofa Íslands/Statistical Bureau of Iceland. Morgunblaðið. 2010 [2010-09-21]. 
  34. ^ Central Statistics Office. Vital Statistics - Fourth Quarter and Yearly Summary - 2013. 
  35. ^ Samaritians of Singapore. Suicide Statistics in Singapore. 
  36. ^ Overview of suicide in Australia. Mindframe. 2013.
  37. ^ Suicides and suicide rate, by sex and by age group, Spain. 
  38. ^ Economist. A dramatic decline in suicides: Back from the edge A dramatic decline in suicides Back from the edge. Economist. Jun 28th 2014 [Jul 23rd 2014]. 
  39. ^ Suicide Rates: Thailand. 
  40. ^ Adobe Acrobat - loss_2011.pdf (PDF). [2013-09-09]. 
  41. ^ Iranian Legal Medicine Organization. 2013.  www.lmo.ir
  42. ^ Tehran has the highest rate of suicide in Iran.. 2013.  Bahar Newspaper
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  44. ^ Mortalidad y otros (Mortality and others). IUDPAS. 2011-03-01 [2013-01-22]. 
  45. ^ TÜİK İntihar İstatistikleri. http://www.tuik.gov.tr. 
  46. ^ http://gulfnews.com/news/world/philippines/suicide-rate-has-steadily-risen-in-philippines-for-21-years-report-1.1049675
  47. ^ Based on a population of 180.4 million in 2012 (Population Reference Bureau), a sex ratio of 1.06 males/female (CIA World Factbook, 2013) and figures from 'State of Human Rights in 2012' by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan: 1,976 persons committed suicide in 2012 across the country of which 626 were women.