十字若望

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圣十字若望
会祖、司铎、精修圣人教会圣师
出生 1542年6月24日[1]
西班牙丰蒂韦罗斯
逝世 1591年12月14日(49歲)
西班牙乌韦达
敬奉 罗马天主教; 圣公会; 路德宗
列福 1675年1月25日 由教宗克雷芒十世
列聖 1726年12月27日 由教宗本笃十三世
朝聖地 西班牙塞哥维亚
慶節 12月14日
11月24日(1738年-1969年的罗马天主教圣人历
主保 沉思生活;默想;奥秘神学;神秘主义;西班牙诗人[2]

十字若望San Juan de la Cruz,1542年6月24日-1591年12月14日),本名Juan de Yepes Alvarez[3]天主教改革的主要人物,西班牙神秘主义者,加尔默罗会修士神父,出生在阿维拉附近的丰蒂韦罗斯(Fontiveros)[4],一个改宗犹太人的家庭。

十字若望是加尔默罗会的改革者,被认为与阿维拉的圣德肋撒一同创立了跣足加尔默罗会。他还以写作著称,他的诗歌及其对灵魂增长的研究,被认为是西班牙神秘文学的高峰,是西班牙文学的高峰之一. 1726年,本笃十三世封他为圣人。他被列为天主教33位教會聖師之一。

他於1591年12月14日因丹毒(也可能是蜂窝性组织炎)病逝。

参见[编辑]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ The day is unknown. The parish registers were destroyed by a fire in 1546, and the only serious evidence is an inscription on the font in the church, dated 1689. Midsummer Day is sometimes cited as the date of John's birth, but since this is also the Feast of St John the Baptist, this may simply be conjecture. See E Allison Peers, Spirit of Flame: A Study of St John of the Cross, (London: SCM Press, 1943), p. 11.
  2. ^ In 1952, the Spanish National Ministry for Education named him Patron Saint of Spanish poets. The same ministry repeatedly authorised and approved the inclusion of John's writings among the canon of Spanish writers.
  3. ^ Rodriguez, Jose Vincente, Biographical Narrative. God Speaks in the Night. The Life, Times, and Teaching of St. John of the Cross, Washington D.C.: ICS Publications, 1991, p. 3
  4. ^ Norman Roth, Conversos, Inquisition, and the Expulsion of the Jews from Spain, Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1995, pp. 157, 369
  • Dark Night of the Soul: A Masterpiece in the Literature of Mysticism Doubleday, 1959. ISBN 978-0-385-02930-8

扩展阅读[编辑]

  • Howells, E. "Spanish Mysticism and Religious Renewal: Ignatius of Loyola, Teresa of Avila, and John of the Cross (16th Century, Spain)", in Julia A. Lamm, ed., Blackwell Companion to Christian Mysticism, (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012)
  • Kavanaugh, K. John of the Cross: doctor of light and love (2000)
  • Matthew, Iain. The Impact of God, Soundings from St John of the Cross (Hodder & Stoughton, 1995)
  • Nau, Sr. Pascale-Dominique. When God Speaks: Lectio Divina in Saint John of the Cross and the Ladder of Monks (Rome: Lulu.com, 2011)
  • Payne, Stephen. John of the Cross and the Cognitive Value of Mysticism (1990)
  • Stein, Edith, The Science of the Cross (translated by Sister Josephine Koeppel, O.C.D. The Collected Works of Edith Stein, Vol. 6, ICS Publications, 2011)
  • Williams, Rowan. The wound of knowledge: Christian spirituality from the New Testament to St. John of the Cross (1990)
  • Wojtyła, K.. Faith According to St. John of the Cross (1981)

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